In tennis, all the muscles are solicited, quite brutally because of the changes in rhythms and the repetition of the efforts like Races, jumps, accelerations, sudden stops, slips.
The tendons are put to the test by the repetition of the same movement. Ruptures of the muscles of the shoulder are not uncommon. The pain is extreme, and the arm does not support itself anymore. Tendinitis of the shoulder can occur in a young player who overtreats, as in a quadragenarian whose tendons begin to lose their flexibility. These tendonitis’s can result in pain that first appears during training and then become, gradually, permanent.
The “tennis elbow” – which means “tennis elbow” as the tennis players and tennis women are victims – is a tendonitis of the elbow and extensors of the fingers of the hand called epicondylitis medically. It can come from too much practice, especially among players over 45 who suddenly start playing frequently.
This trauma can also be due to a bad technique or a string too tight. At first, the tennis player has pain outside the elbow playing. The discomfort can radiate in the arm and up to the hand. Aches can then occur with finger, hand or wrist movements: squeezing a hand, holding a saucepan, turning a key in the lock, etc.
Achilles tendon rupture sometimes occurs as a result of accumulated microtrauma. Warning signs may occur pain during or after exercise or presence of tendon nodules, palpable small painful balls in the tendon. The leg muscles are very stressed.
” The “tennis leg” is a tear that causes severe pain in the muscles behind the calf. The same type of damage can occur in the muscles located at the back of the thighs.
Bones and joints are subject to fractures, dislocations, or sprains. The ankles or knees are most often affected.
Tennis prevention tips
As for many sports, the first precaution is to take courses. Acquiring proper technique and good gestures better prevents tendinitis and muscle problems than any other preventive measure.
The warm-up followed by stretching is the essential preparation for any training or match. To avoid any injury, a quarter of an hour of a warm-up is necessary. It must be general (running around the field with heels/chest, heels/buttocks, not hunted, backward), and local (rotations of the neck, shoulders, wrists, waist, ankles)
It ends with a few exchanges on the court and series of services, smash and volley. For practice in competition, it is better to complete its preparation by a work of bodybuilding, in particular, to develop your arms and your shoulders, and by training for endurance (cycling, running, swimming).
Finally, do not neglect the breaks. Take the opportunity to drink and, during very long matches, to absorb drinks or energy bars that will allow you to keep enough sugar in the blood.